Stephan Welz speaks on the Jewish contribution to cultural life in South Africa
23 Nov 2015
Last month, in a packed lecture held at the offices of fine art auctioneers Strauss & Co, Stephan Welz, the longest practising fine art expert and auctioneer in South Africa, held the room rapt as he concentrated his attention on the phenomenal, and largely unsung, contribution made to local arts and culture by Jewish philanthropists.
He gave a comprehensive account of the too-often unacknowledged generosity and genuine philanthropy of a group of people to whom South Africa is greatly indebted. In fact, he argued, without the contribution of Jewish philanthropy, South Africa would be a considerably poorer country as far as arts and culture is concerned.
Among the most notable – appropriately as the Johannesburg Art Gallery celebrates it centenary this month – was the role played by Sir Lionel and Florence Philipps, who founded the Johannesburg Art Gallery and its foundation collection, and Max Michaelis, one of its biggest benefactors. While Lady Phillips established the gallery, Michaelis donated £5,000 (between £500,000 and £4million today) toward the purchasing fund, one of the largest donations. Michaelis is also responsible for the establishment of the Michaelis Art Library in Johannesburg, the Michaelis Art School at UCT, and a collection of Dutch and Flemish old masters in the Michaelis Collection, housed in the Old Town House in Cape Town. The Phillipses, incidentally, were also instrumental in the establishment of the Kruger National Park and Kirstenbosch Gardens.
Other notable art philanthropists mentioned by Welz include Alfred de Pass, who donated more than 300 paintings and sculptures to the South African National Gallery, and also donated his remarkable collections of Chinese Ceramics, Egyptian bronzes, Babylonian artefacts, Persian enamels, Greek pottery and Roman glass to the South African Museum.
Another was Sidney Mendelssohn, who is responsible for the Library of Parliament, and who devoted many years to the compilation of his seminal and much sought-after South African Bibliography which was published in 1910 and became the “Bible” of all Africana book collectors and dealers. Mendelssohn also bequeathed his collection of 700 books and 300 prints, paintings and sketches to the Government of the Union of South Africa. Also worth mentioning, among many others, is William Fehr whose collection is housed in The Castle in Cape Town.
Welz’s tour de force also noted in the significantly large number of Jewish authors producing books relating to South African art, besides the very large number of Jewish artists, among whom Irma Stern and William Kentridge stand out among the very best.
Given the small size of the Jewish population in South Africa, currently at 0.2 percent of the population, Welz emphasised how the magnanimity of the contribution of the Jewish community, and how absolutely fundamental it has been to the artistic cultural heritage of South Africa.
Stephan Welz will be conducting the same lecture at the South African Jewish Museum (88 Hatfield Street, Gardens Cape Town) on Thursday 26 November at 6pm.
Please RSVP: email@example.com / 021 465 1546
He will also be conducting free art valuations at Strauss & Co. Please call 021 683 6560 to book an appointment.
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